Key trachoma facts and statistics

ICTC strongly encourages its members and all trachoma stakeholders to use these figures for consistency of messaging.

  • Trachoma is the world’s leading infectious cause of blindness and one of 20 neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) that affect over one billion of the world’s poorest people - Source: WHO
  • 11 countries have been validated by WHO as having eliminated trachoma as a public health problem (Cambodia, China, The Gambia, Ghana, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman) - Source: WHO Weekly Epidemiological Record, 6 August 2021
  • 7 countries may require interventions but in which the necessary investigations in suspected trachoma-endemic areas have not yet been completed (Angola, Botswana, Libya, Micronesia, Namibia, Somalia, Venezuela) – Source: WHO Global Health Observatory 
  • In 2020, of the 34 countries that reported TT surgery in 2020, 33 reported gender-disaggregated data, covering 96% of individuals operated on for TT; of these, 66% were female, indicating gender equality given that, compared to men, women have nearly twice the risk of developing trachomatous trichiasisSource: WHO Weekly Epidemiological Record, 24 July 2020

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WHO's Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER) also serves as an essential instrument for the dissemination of epidemiological information.